Know when and why foreign citizens could be punished

Migratory penalties apply to people who do not comply with the immigration legislation.



Written sanctions are applied by the immigration authorities (regional municipalities) to foreigners breaching the provisions of Sections 70, 71 and 72 of the law. These sections state punishments for:

  • The exercise of unauthorized paid activities (Section 70)
  • Staying in the country after the expiration of a tourism or residence permit (Section 71)
  • Not registering or getting an ID card (except for minors) within the time limits established after getting a residence permit, or failing to report an address change (Article 72).

Warnings can be issued as long as the person is not a repeat offender.


This is a monetary penalty for the person breaching the immigration legislation. The fine amount varies according to the offense.

As in written censures, fines apply to foreigners who do not comply with the provisions of Sections 70, 71 and 72 of the Immigrations Act.

  • For illegal labor (Section 70), amounts vary from 1 to 50 minimum wages.
  • For illegal residence (Section 71) or failure to register an address, get an ID card or report an address change (Section 72) the amounts vary from 1 to 20 minimum wages. (Download Fines Table).


Sanctions consist of compulsory deportation of the foreign person who is non-compliant with the grounds set in the Immigration Act and Regulations.


Download Fines Chart in PDF.

Source: Departamento de Extranjería y Migración (Department of Immigration and Foreign Services)